acute exacerbation of copd treatment

Bronchodilators: Medicines that help relax and open the airways, improving breathing.

These may include short-acting bronchodilators or long-acting bronchodilators (such as tiotropium).

Corticosteroids: Anti-inflammatory drugs that help reduce inflammation of the airways

They are usually prescribed in oral or inhaled form to reduce the severity of exacerbations.

Antibiotics: If a bacterial infection is suspected or confirmed, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection.

Oxygen therapy: In severe cases where the oxygen level is low enough, supplemental oxygen may be provided to maintain adequate oxygen.

Pulmonary rehabilitation: After an acute exacerbation, a structured program of exercise, breathing exercises and education may be recommended to improve lung function and overall respiratory health.